What is a Hybrid Course?
At Stanford, the term hybrid describes a course that meets partially in-person and partially fully online. Hybrid courses have distinct requirements and policies associated with them.
This page aims to clarify these requirements and policies and help you determine whether the hybrid format is right for your course.
Hybrid courses mix in-person and remote participation
At Stanford, hybrid specifically describes a course where some sessions take place in-person and some sessions take place fully online. While the in-person meetings may often include blended teaching elements, hybrid courses mix in-person and remote participation.
The following are examples of hybrid courses:
- Students meet in person twice a week on Mondays and Fridays and meet fully online on Zoom on Wednesdays.
- Students meet regularly in person throughout the term, but there are a significant number of sessions where students don’t meet at all but work asynchronously instead.
What about HyFlex?
Hybrid-Flexible or HyFlex refers to a subset of hybrid courses that emphasize flexibility and student choice. In HyFlex courses, individual students choose how they will participate from session to session. For example, in a HyFlex course, a student may have the option to attend any session in person, attend remotely on Zoom, or watch the recording and complete additional activities later.
Traditional, blended, fully online, and hybrid courses are similar in that all of the students participate in the same modality together. However, in HyFlex courses some students may be online and others present in person, or some may participate synchronously and others asynchronously. Therefore it is critical that equivalent learning experiences and opportunities are provided for all students regardless of the modality they choose.
While HyFlex courses offer significant benefits to access and flexibility, they must address the logistical and pedagogic challenges of the different course modalities all at once, which make them potentially the most technology-dependent and resource-intensive. At Stanford, there are a limited number of classrooms that support HyFlex.
For these reasons, if you are interested in offering a HyFlex solution (e.g., having some students join in-person classes via Zoom), we strongly recommend you first seek support from your department chair or unit director. Refer to the recommendations below.
Hybrid courses have unique accreditation requirements
Stanford's accreditation body, the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC), considers any course with a single session online as "distance learning," which has separate accreditation requirements. Additionally:
- at least 50% of contact hours must be in-person
- the remaining hours may be synchronous or asynchronous fully online.
Remote learning during the pandemic was possible because of a waiver that expires at the end of the 2021 calendar year. If a course is designed to be hybrid, it may need to be altered in the future to comply with accreditation requirements.
Hybrid courses can be resource-intensive
Because hybrid courses require the expertise, techniques, and tools of traditional or blended courses and fully online courses, they can be particularly resource-intensive. Adapting an existing course into a hybrid format typically takes many iterations over a period of time. The interdependence of technology, pedagogy, and content is heightened in hybrid formats, so we recommend careful consideration of the overall course design of a hybrid course.
Despite these challenges, a hybrid course can be a very effective format, particularly when there is a teaching team and ample support resources. Hybrid courses tend to be a good fit for students that are independent and have strong learning skills. They are also suitable for courses that are project-based or leverage learning communities.
Consider whether a hybrid course is right for you
Considerations around technology tools, classroom resources, teaching team workloads, and accreditation may factor into your decision to offer a hybrid course. If you are considering hybrid teaching, the following questions are good places to start.
What are the current policies about hybrid teaching?
Policies can vary by school, so you should first check with your department chair or unit director about teaching a course that:
- has some in-person sessions and some fully online sessions (Hybrid)
- combines in-person and remote students; for example, students choose whether to attend classroom sessions in person or on Zoom (HyFlex)
How will in-person and remote sessions offer equivalent learning experiences?
A critical aspect of hybrid learning is ensuring that students have equivalent learning experiences and opportunities, regardless of whether they attend in-person or online. Hybrid courses should offer equivalent opportunities for learning compared to similar courses in other formats.
What resources and support do you have?
Consider whether you will have TAs or co-instructors. Support from departmental IT experts, academic technology specialists, and instructional designers is helpful if available. Time is a valuable resource as well, so plan ahead and give yourself enough lead time when developing your hybrid course.
Because of the many factors involved in hybrid instruction, we strongly recommend you seek expert support from the following groups:
There are also school-specific units, such as:
- School of Medicine EdTech
- Stanford Business Teaching and Learning Hub
- Graduate School of Education IT.
Developing a hybrid course
If you have decided that hybrid instruction is a good fit for your students and situation, we recommend the following steps:
- Speak to your department chair or unit director about your intentions. They can give you guidance on getting approval for a hybrid course.
- Consult with instructional designers, academic technologists, and other experts in CTL or your department and school.
- Plan and develop your hybrid course design.
- Implement and teach the hybrid course and gather feedback from students, your teaching team, and your own observations.
- Implement changes based on feedback to iterate and improve your hybrid course.