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Theory to Practice

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What are foundational frameworks for understanding online education?

These learning frameworks and theories can deepen your understanding of the basics of online course design. 

  • TEACH Framework – What core values do Stanford instructors aim to center? The TEACH framework is designed by and for the Stanford community to help instructors put university values at the core of their course design. 
  • Teacher-Centered vs. Student-Centered Course Design – Many instructors design courses thinking about what they want students to know, considering how their understanding of the course content shapes what gets covered in the class. A student-centered design asks, "What will students be able to do at the end of the course?" Consider the ramifications of this mindset shift for online course design.
  • Understanding the TPACK Framework – What goes into effectively using new technology in learning? The TPACK framework asserts that Content Knowledge (CK), Pedagogical Knowledge (PK), and Technological Knowledge (TK) are all essential intertwining knowledge areas that instructors and learners need to access to successfully achieve technologically-enhanced learning.
  • Defining Online Course Modalities – Getting confused about the differences between a fully online, hybrid, and blended class? If you want to get cleared up on some basic terminology, this page breaks down the differences.
  • ADDIE Instructional Design Framework – Many learning designers use the ADDIE (Analyze, Design, Development, Implement, and Evaluate) design framework to construct a course. Consider how these steps might help you shape your online course.