Student self-assessment involves students in evaluating their own work and learning progress.
Self-assessment is a valuable learning tool as well as part of an assessment process. Through self-assessment, students can:
- identify their own skill gaps, where their knowledge is weak
- see where to focus their attention in learning
- set realistic goals
- revise their work
- track their own progress
- if online, decide when to move to the next level of the course
This process helps students stay involved and motivated and encourages self-reflection and responsibility for their learning.
You should set clear expectations for student performance. As in peer assessment, you need to coach students on assessment criteria and how to apply them in grading their work. Give them practice assessing themselves.
A valuable process on its own, self-assessment may be paired with peer assessment. Applying knowledge gained through peer assessment, students’ self-assessment can be a potent next step in actively promoting their own learning and achievement.
Andrade, H. & Valtcheva, A. (2009). Promoting learning and achievement through self-assessment. Theory Into Practice, 48, 12-19.